Secretary Pompeo, accompanied by National Security Council Western Hemisphere Director Mauricio Claver Carone, also had a positive meeting with conservative Colombian President Ivan Duque, whose administration highlights the political shift to the right in South America over the past three years, which also includes the elections of Mauricio Macri in Argentina, Sebastian Piñera in Chile, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (replaced by Martin Vizcarra) in Peru, and Bolsonaro in Brazil. In Ecuador, the birth rate among under-15s tripled … White House killed deal to pay for mental health care for migrant families separated at border, A 'last nod to Trump'? In each country, the change has opened the door to a flood of new agreements, political relationships, expanded commercial activities by PRC-based companies, and other forms of engagement that are transforming the political and economic dynamics of those countries. As the states of the Western Hemisphere move into 2019, unresolved reinforcing challenges of organized crime, weak governance and extra-hemispheric actors threaten to create instability and gravely erode the position of the U.S. in the region, even as its political pendulum oscillates temporarily toward the right. Today, Latin America has its fair share of dictators. ... Latin America has been called “the forgotten continent” – but in recent weeks it has hardly been out of the news. T he election of Brazil’s far-right Jair Bolsonaro reflects the current international wave of nationalist populism and xenophobic hatred, and his own disdain for minorities and immigrants, whom he called ‘the scum of the earth’, are well known.. While the FARC has formally demobilized following the 2016 peace agreement, and the Colombian security forces have secured significant gains against the largest criminal band, the Gulf Clan, dissident FARC fronts who never demobilized are drawing on FARC militias (many safely on the more lawless Venezuelan side of the frontier) and the recruitment of demobilized FARC members who have been unable to adjust to civilian life, battling for control of drug production and criminal enterprises with the ELN and an array of other groups. Latin America, as other regions around the world, is getting increasingly polarized. The quiet neighbor? Having just passed the midway point of 2019, now is an opportune moment to take stock of Latin America. Latin America Book Review - Recorded Interviews with Authors. In this brief review, the authors describe the main characteristics of trauma systems in Latin America's 2 most populous countries, Mexico and Brazil. If the government holds elections, it will likely lose, with the Indo-Guyanese majority largely supporting the PPP opposition in an increasingly polarized context. Argentina police free 70 members of female-led Christian cult that kidnapped poor children across the country ... An area seven times the … 2020 could bring another year of turmoil for Latin America after the dramatic events of 2019 from the Caribbean to Chile by Tom Phillips Latin America correspondent Mon 30 Dec 2019 … Some countries still silent a week after Biden's win, A Covid bright spot: More Latin Americans join digital banking services, Hondurans devastated by Hurricane Eta, pandemic as families in U.S. lend a hand. Brendan Smialowski / AFP - Getty Images file, Seth Sidney Berry / SOPA Images via Zuma Press, Jair Cabrera Torres / dpa/picture alliance via Getty Images file, Venezuela's Maduro claims sweep of boycotted election, J Balvin talks Beyonce, Bieber, and he would like to collaborate with next, 'No choice except to flee': After back-to-back hurricanes, Central Americans go north, After stonewalling, Trump admin finally releases data to reunite separated migrant families, lawyers say, Mexico's president acknowledges end to killings far away, Gunmen stage brazen bank heist, leaving Brazilian city locked down and covered in cash, After historic meeting, Cuba slams protesters, dashes hopes for dialogue, The Virgen de Guadalupe pilgrimage will be online, say Mexico's Catholic leaders, Because of Trump sanctions, Western Union remittances come to an end in Cuba, 28 migrant children and their parents face deportation after refusing to be separated, Mexico reports jump of over 9,000 new Covid-19 cases in one day, Mexico is fourth country to top over 100,000 Covid deaths. Press groups urge Mexico to investigate journalists' killings, step up protections, Biden's key immigration policies face uphill battle, Latin America's children face most education setbacks from Covid, UNICEF says, Latino forgotten history: New book retells epic Mayan creation story most of us don't know, In Peru, turmoil over impeachment, ouster of its popular president. All issues that in different combinations have led to massive protests and political upheaval in recent months in Latin America. Relief sweeps through Western capitals after Biden win, Maradona fans get tattoos to celebrate 'eternal love' for the soccer legend, Brazilian politician, in a coma due to Covid-19, has yet to find out is the elected mayor, Argentine officials search home of Maradona's doctor while investigating soccer star's death, After rare protest in Cuba, artists say the government agrees to future talks, From the streets to the heavens: Maradona's rise — and fall — ensure a legacy like no other, Hurricane Iota batters Nicaragua, especially its Caribbean coast, U.S. drops drug case against former Mexican defense minister, Tropical Storm Iota sweeps Central America with humanitarian crisis looming, In Peru, a hope that a new president, centrist Francisco Sagasti, can calm country in crisis, In growing crisis, Peru seeks a third president in a week. Wordpress development by Robert Gourley. Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean is expected to slow to 0.2% this year from an average 0.6% in the previous five years, according to IMF data. As the states of the Western Hemisphere move into 2019, unresolved reinforcing challenges of organized crime, weak governance and extra-hemispheric actors threaten to create instability and gravely erode the position of the U.S. in the region, even as its political pendulum oscillates temporarily toward the right. Corn also gained on strong exports and worries about South American dryness, while wheat ended mixed. The latter type of violence is constantly made visible by the media and it has become a source of mano durapolicies with little respect for human rights, whereas it is the former, interpersonal violence that claims more victims ever… In Nicaragua, after over 320 deaths, the imprisonment of hundreds more, and thousands of injuries, Daniel Ortega and his wife Rosario Murillo have at least temporarily succeeded in using technology, intelligence, and brute force to decapitate and atomize the briefly successful, widespread opposition to their corrupt rule. Yet while levels of criminality and insecurity are among the highest in the region, the Northern Triangle governments have actually made significant, if little appreciated, progress in bringing murder rates down. Yet the byproduct of that success has been a more fragmented, more violent, less predictable criminal economy in virtually every country of the region and along every step in the illicit chain, from source to transit zone to consumers of the goods. Read breaking headlines from Latin America covering news, politics, culture, and more. But although he stands out as Latin America’s most outspokenly hateful politician, others there have used fear of immigrants to win elections. 2019 has been a difficult year in Latin America — 2020 may only get worse ... economic and security issues specific to each country. If the U.S. approach, however inspired, cannot realistically hope to succeed, U.S. leadership must ask whether the wise choice is to continue with that approach, or to change course—perhaps to a posture oriented toward damage control until circumstances change. Unilever posted strong full year 2018 results, with big gains in the Asia Pacific region, but in Latin America the picture was not so rosy, with Argentina and Brazil being singled out. Such loans, like the $10 billion the China Development Bank loaned to Brazil’s national oil company Petrobras in 2009 and 2016, would help AMLO with his political goal of increasing Mexican oil production without new auctions, while also setting the stage for an expansion of the Chinese presence in the sector begun in December 2016 with CNOOC’s successful bid for two blocks in Mexico’s Perdido basin. An inter-American community reluctant to take serious actions against one of their own continues to largely stand on the sidelines. “China Becomes Second Largest Trading Partner of Latin America.” Xinhua, 29 November 2018.. 3. Meanwhile, global commercial and informational connectivity increasingly permits a lucrative criminal economy that does not require large, easily targeted hierarchical organizations spanning multiple countries that characterized the international drug trade of the previous generation (e.g. Mexico will stop holding migrant children in detention, wins praise from U.N. Peru's ousted president had pushed for anti-corruption efforts. ANKARA . Professor Castañeda is a specialist in Latin American affairs. In Brazil, while the new conservative government of Jair Bolsonaro is viewed as a potential ally in Washington, there is a non-trivial risk that his controversial style could deepen already significant polarization in the country, fueling strikes and other actions that further undermine the Brazilian economy and Bolsonaro’s ability to effectively manage problems of the nation, even as challenges such as the competition between the PCC and Red Command prison gangs to dominate the drug trade expand. Yet despite good plans and effective engagement, it may also be necessary to make cold assessments and difficult choices in the coming months. Here, experts tell Diálogo Chino the main challenges for China, Latin America and the environment in 2019. When it comes to illicit groups, more is worse. In the last 12 months, Brazil, Cuba and Mexico elected new leaders. At the same time, the November 2018 arrest of the President’s brother, Juan Antonio Hernandez, on narcotrafficking charges, compounds a growing number of cases against Hernandez’s predecessor, Pepe Lobo, family members and business associates to worsen the president’s political (if not yet legal) position, despite his achievements against public insecurity. Elsewhere in the region, the regime in Venezuela seems on the point of economic collapse, Nicaragua’s citizens have rallied bravely against Daniel Ortega’s Sandinista regime, and in El Salvador, the leftist government of the former guerrilla movement FMLN seems on the verge of being voted out of office. NEW JERSEY – All over Latin America, public patience is wearing thin, with violence in Chile and the return to power of Peronists in Argentina. Comprehensive national accounts data from across the region confirmed that Latin America’s recovery lost steam at the start of the year. For all … Disclaimer: Views expressed in this commentary are those of the staff member. When the Constitutional Court blocked Morales’ actions, Morales returned fire by threatening criminal charges against the members of the court. Mexico says it won't allow officials accused of corruption to be tried in the U.S. Peru's youth has taken down a president. The first one is an increase in interpersonal violence throughout the region; and the second one is violence linked to organized crime, especially in areas that are relevant for drug related markets.

current issues in latin america 2019

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